Monday, April 25, 2016
Final report 1: Do you support a ban on human reproductive cloning?
Human reproductive cloning is when you create an individual to be identical to someone that exists. There DNA is the same as the other person. Everything from their looks to their personality is exactly like that person. Human reproductive cloning is done by somatic cell nuclear transfer. Somatic cell nuclear transfer is putting the nucleus of a body cell into an egg from which the nucleus has been removed. This produces an embryo from which is triggered to begin developing with chemicals, and then placing this cloned embryo into the uterus of a female and bringing it to term creates a clone that has the same identical genes as the other person.
This topic is very debatable topic. Most people favor it and think it has a lot of benefits while some people disapprove of it. There are advantages and disadvantages of human reproductive cloning. The advantages are 1) eliminates defective genes – as more humans reproduce damage to the DNA line increases which mutations and defective genes occur, which leads to more deaths but this can be prevented through the cloning of healthy human cells. 2) helps homosexuals have babies – cloning will allow lesbians to have babies without using donor sperm and for men to have a child that doesn’t have genes coming from an egg donor. 3) allows parents to seek redress for their loss – cloning can help bring someone back into life but if a different body. The disavantages are 1) high failure rate – over 95% of human cloning have resulted in failure. 2) faster aging – this will lead to premature aging which will shorten the lifespan of the clone. 3) lose human diversity – making people look identical everyone will start looking the same and behave the same. This will lower the uniqueness and the overall value of life. Human reproductive cloning can be the savior of us or it could be the bane of our existence.
In the book “The case against perfection” it talks about cloning and how in 2001, the House of Representatives passed a bill to banned cloning, not only human but also biomedical research. The bill didn’t become a law because the Senate supports stem cell research. So now there is no federal law in the United States against human reproductive cloning.