Up@dawn 2.0

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

Exam2 - QnA's...

Sandel Ch.5, Mastery & Gift

1. What does Sandel think the dissolution of "giftedness" would change about the "moral landscape"? (Name one of the three features it would transform.) 86
Humility, Responsibility, and Solidarity.

2. As more is subject to choice, less is attributed to what? 87

3. What's "playing naked"? -"flying blind"? 88-9
Playing without the use of enhancing drugs

4. What is the inadvertent result of insurance industry practice that creates a de facto social safety net? 90
Pooling the risk of all people, healthy and not.

5. Is "changing our nature to fit the world" necessary or desirable, according to Sandel? 97
No. It’s the deepest form of disempowerment.

6. Who called the new technologies of genetic intervention a "cosmic event"? 98-9
Quiz March 17

1.      What constrains medical intervention in nature? 101
The goal of restoring normal human function

2. What embryonic stem-cell research compromise was supported by Bill Frist and Mitt Romney? 106
Using spare embryos left over from fertility clinics

3. In what way does Sandel agree with Sen. Brownback about stem cell research? 111
moral arguments for stem cell research and cloning stand or fall together.

4. What does not follow from the fact that the blastocyst is "human life"? 115
That it is a human being.

5. Under what conditions would pregnancy constitute a public health crisis? 125
If the embryo loss that accompanies natural procreation where the moral equivalent of infant death.

6. Does Sandel support a ban on human reproductive cloning? 127

Quiz March 19

1.      The stories of Achilles and the dragon imply what about immunity?
Immunity is a mith… no mortal can be invulnerable.

2. "A valuable asset placed in the care of someone to whom it does not ultimately belong" is Biss's definition of what? OR, it captures her understanding of what? 9-10
What it is to have a child.

3. Our vaccines are now sterile, so anti-vaccine activists' greatest fear is not of bacterial but ____ contamination. 14

4. What is Dracula about, besides vampires?16
vaccinators inflicting “wounds” on babies. Blood thirsty, spreading disease in old days… etc…

5. Who said love is known "by its fruits"? 17
Soren Kierkegaard

6. Contributions to the "banking of immunity" give rise to the principle of ____ immunity. 19
Herd Immunity

7. What's the most common way that infants contract hep B? 24
Mothers – bodily fluids

8. What raises the probability that undervaccinated children will contract a disease? 27
Large groups of unvaccinated children in nearby areas.

9. Who or what were microbiologist Graham Rook's "old friends"? 30
Ancient Pathogens, Worms, bacteria, and parasites from long ago.

10. "There is never enough evidence to prove that an event _____ happen? (can/can't) 36

11. When do we see disease as unnatural? 42
When disease manifests as illness.

12. What is variolation? 52
Purposefully infecting a person with a mild case of smallpox to avoid serious illness.

Quiz March 24

1.      What disappointed Biss about the immuno-semiotics conference? 55
That the conference was more concerned about how the body and not the mind interprets symbols.

2. What game metaphor does Biss prefe, to describe our immune systems and viral pathogens? 60

3. What caused the fatal form of croup that has virtually disappeared in this country since the '30s? 65

4. What caused the spread of puerpal sepsis ("childbed fever")? 69
Doctors who did not wash their hands between exams.

5. What did Andrew Wakefield do to get branded "irresponsible and dishonest" by the British General Medical Council? 69-70
Released article saying MMR vaccine might be linked to autism.

6. A popular theory of disease among "people like [Biss]" blames ____, rather than filth or germs. 73

7. If ___ were sold at Piggly Wiggly, some stock would exceed federal food safety levels for DDT & PCBs. 74
Human milk

8. Who were the Polio Pioneers?
650000 children who got volunteered for the polio vaccine. OR, Where is polio now endemic? 84-5 Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria.

9. What does Biss consider the greatest impoverishment of capitalism? 97
When we begin to believe that everyone is owned (capitalism as innate laws of human motivation).

10. What does Arthur Caplan see as the biggest problem with the "restaurant model" of health care? 99
Doctors giving patients what they want, even if its not good for them.

BONUS: "Most problems will get better if left alone" is an argument for what, according to Biss? 104
For preventative medicine as much as it is a sign of defeat (not sure about this one)

BONUS: What's wrong with "Dr. Bob's world"? 108
It relies on future scientific knowledge to disguise a gamble.

Quiz March 26

1.      What does Paul Offit find laughable? 112
That people would go into research to make money by finding a cure for something.

2. How much revenue did the rotavirus vaccine
(665mil) and Lipitor (12bil) generate, respectively? 113

3. What did a Nashville woman sell for $50? 116
Lollipops infected with chicken pox.

4. What did Jacobsen v. Massachussetts (1905) uphold? 120
Compulsory vaccination laws

5. What 20th century political philosopher does Biss's sister mention, in criticizing "Dr.Bob's" counsel of silence? 123
John Rawls

6. What paradoxical emotional state does Biss say is induced by citizenship in this country? 134

Empowered powerlessness.

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