Up@dawn 2.0

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Study Guide, exam #2

EXTRA CREDIT: Reply in a couple of paragraphs to the relevant DQ of your choice, OR to this one: Imagine you are a pediatrician or general practitioner, and your client insists on refusing all vaccinations for her child. What's your response, and your policy? Will you work with her, attempt to educate her, or simply dismiss her?
Review for the exam by revisiting relevant texts.
(Thanks for assembling the study guide, Gregory!)

Quiz March 3
Sandel Ch.5, Mastery & Gift

1. What does Sandel think the dissolution of "giftedness" would change about the "moral landscape"? (Name one of the three features it would transform.) 86

2. As more is subject to choice, less is attributed to what? 87

3. What's "playing naked"? -"flying blind"? 88-9

4. What is the inadvertent result of insurance industry practice that creates a de facto social safety net? 90

5. Is "changing our nature to fit the world" necessary or desirable, according to Sandel? 97

6. Who called the new technologies of genetic intervention a "cosmic event"? 98-9

Quiz March 17
1. What constrains medical intervention in nature? 101

2. What embryonic stem-cell research compromise was supported by Bill Frist and Mitt Romney? 106

3. In what way does Sandel agree with Sen. Brownback about stem cell research? 111

4. What does not follow from the fact that the blastocyst is "human life"? 115

5. Under what conditions would pregnancy constitute a public health crisis? 125

6. Does Sandel support a ban on human reproductive cloning? 127

Quiz March 19

1. The stories of Achilles and the dragon imply what about immunity? 5

2. "A valuable asset placed in the care of someone to whom it does not ultimately belong" is Biss's definition of what? OR, it captures her understanding of what? 9-10

3. Our vaccines are now sterile, so anti-vaccine activists' greatest fear is not of bacterial but ____ contamination. 14

4. What is Dracula about, besides vampires?16

5. Who said love is known "by its fruits"? 17

6. Contributions to the "banking of immunity" give rise to the principle of ____ immunity. 19

7. What's the most common way that infants contract hep B? 24

8. What raises the probability that undervaccinated children will contract a disease? 27

9. Who or what were microbiologist Graham Rook's "old friends"? 30

10. "There is never enough evidence to prove that an event _____ happen? (can/can't) 36

11. When do we see disease as unnatural? 42

12. What is variolation? 52

Quiz March 24

1. What disappointed Biss about the immuno-semiotics conference? 55

2. What game metaphor does Biss prefer, to describe our immune systems and viral pathogens? 60

3. What caused the fatal form of croup that has virtually disappeared in this country since the '30s? 65

4. What caused the spread of puerpal sepsis ("childbed fever")? 69

5. What did Andrew Wakefield do to get branded "irresponsible and dishonest" by the British General Medical Council? 69-70

6. A popular theory of disease among "people like [Biss]" blames ____, rather than filth or germs. 73

7. If ___ were sold at Piggly Wiggly, some stock would exceed federal food safety levels for DDT & PCBs. 74

8. Who were the Polio Pioneers? OR, Where is polio now endemic? 84-5

9. What does Biss consider the greatest impoverishment of capitalism? 97

10. What does Arthur Caplan see as the biggest problem with the "restaurant model" of health care? 99

BONUS: "Most problems will get better if left alone" is an argument for what, according to Biss? 104

BONUS: What's wrong with "Dr. Bob's world"? 108

Quiz March 26

1. What does Paul Offit find laughable? 112

2. How much revenue did the rotavirus vaccine and Lipitor generate, respectively? 113

3. What did a Nashville woman sell for $50? 116

4. What did Jacobsen v. Massachussetts (1905) uphold? 120

5. What 20th century political philosopher does Biss's sister mention, in criticizing "Dr.Bob's" counsel of silence? 123

6. What paradoxical emotional state does Biss say is induced by citizenship in this country? 134


Questions on the concluding chapters of Biss's On Immunity, to be discussed prior to Tuesday's exam:

1. What "cultural obsession of the moment" do some mothers consider a viable substitute for vaccination? OR, what problematic implication of their obsession do some fail to consider? 137

2. Whose errant article "Deadly Immunity" was retracted, but only in its corrected version? 142

3. Who said "a scientist is never certain"? OR, Who advocated "negative capability"? 145

4. What was the bioethicist who said "it's not a matter of if, but when" referring to? 149

5. Immunologist Polly Matzinger's  _____ Model says the immune system is more responsive to entities that do damage than with those that are merely foreign. 160

6. Who said "we must cultivate our garden," which for Biss implies recognizing immunity as "a garden we tend together"?  162

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