Up@dawn 2.0

Thursday, January 26, 2017

Alternative Quiz Questions: Ch. 3 Perspectives

1. A 2009 report published by the WHO showed that the biological and behavioral advantages of women in higher-income countries are outweighed by what? (49)

2.What are some common stereotypes of masculinity and femininity in regards to the way people handle moral issues? (52)

3. How does the philosophical idea of dualism view the mind in relation to the body? (52)

4.What are the subtle differences between ‘caring for’ and ‘caring about’ people? (56)

5. What is the philosophical paradox that Campbell uses to address the issue with ethical relativism? (57)

6. (T/F) Globalization of trade and the rapid spread of mass communication has had a significantly negative effect on Asian cultures and has been detrimental to their economies. (58)

7. Both of the dharmic traditions Campbell discusses see spiritual development and liberation rather than simply moral development, which results in what sort of behavior towards the world? (68)

8.  Which of the five religions discussed does Campbell consider to be the most “complex and diverse”? (72)

9. Arguably the most characteristic feature of Islamic bioethics is that it is ___________. (76)

10. How do the ideals of Islam view God’s will in terms of the Socratic question, “Is something good because God wills it, or does God will it because it is good?” (77)

1 comment:

  1. Answers:
    1) gender discrimination, inequalities in education, income and employment and in access to health services.
    2) men as rational, detached, with emotions in check and women as emotional, over-involved, partial and limited.
    3) the mind alone is capable of knowing the truth: the body is a mere container for the mind and can be a clear distraction.
    4) caring for is technical and physical and caring about is more personal and more demanding on the health care practitioner.
    5) if all beliefs are purely relative in this way, then isn't the belief that all beliefs are relative also relative?
    6) False
    7) care and compassion for all forms of life, and a cultivation of the self that weeds out selfish desires and attitudes of disrespect, envy or hatred toward others.
    8) Christianity
    9) jurisprudential, relies on scholarly directives.
    10) Islam would always assert that God's will and command is what must be done, and that although human reason may be an aid, it is not in itself enough to guide ethics.