Friday, January 20, 2017
What's Bioethics and Ethics itself?
As Campbell begins his book by asking many questions that show what the bioethics branch of study is concerning about. Bioethics deals with ethical questions surrounding clinical medical practice, with ethical issues entailed by biomedical research, and with more general ethical questions about the maintenance and improvement of the health and well-being of communities on both the local and global levels. Bioethics has a very long history concerns about how doctors treat their patients. The history also shows us some ethical codes like "Hippocratic Oath and the Charaka Samhita Oath". Also when we discuss a topic such bioethics, we cannot just move on without highlight the ethical relativism theory. Ethical relativism is the theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. That is, whether an action is right or wrong depends on the moral norms of the society in which it is practiced. The same action may be morally right in one society but be morally wrong in another. Indeed, the answers for the questions that Campbell asks in the beginning of his book will have different answers than what we had before. Basically, there is a wide variety of social norms in the world regarding what is good or evil. Many cultures have norms that differ so much from each other that they are virtually contradictory. And social norms of conduct have also varied through the ages, with some eras having very different norms than other eras.