Up@dawn 2.0

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Quiz Jan 19

Write your answers on a sheet of paper, we'll go over them in class. Claim a base on the scorecard for each correct answer. Also claim a base for each posted alternate quiz question, discussion question, comment, or relevant link. Keep track of everything you post in a dated personal log that will be collected later. Claim a RUN for posting a weekly 250+ word essay on the relevant topic of your choice.

1.(T/F) Campbell's examples of bioethical questions include whether health care professionals must meet higher standards than businesspeople, the ethics of longevity via pharmacology, designer babies, human/animal hybrids, state paternalism, euthanasia, and environmental ethics.

2. Bioethics just means _______.

3. The _________ required that 'The health of my patient must be my first consideration.' (Hippocratic Oath, Geneva Code, British Medical Association, International Association of Bioethics)

4. What 40-year U.S. study denied information and treatment to its subjects?

5. What did Ivan Ilich warn about in Medical Nemesis?

6. Bioethics has expanded its focus from an originally narrower interest in what relationship?

7. Bioethics has broken free of what mentality?

8. (T/F) Campbell thinks caveat emptor is a good principle for governing the contractual clinical encounter between doctor and patient.

9. Do descriptive claims settle evaluative issues?
10. Name a bioethical website Campbell recommends.

*Some possible Discussion Questions (DQs) - after the quiz we'll select one to kick off a brief class discussion followed by longer group discussion, which some of us may wish to do peripatetically, in the corridors if not out in the chill:

  • Are there any important bioethical issues you think Campbell has neglected to mention in ch.1? 
  • What do you see as the connection between bioethical and environmental issues? 
  • Do you agree that we have "over-medicalized" human experience? 
  • Is there anything wrong with "medical tourism"? 
  • Do you agree that the doctor-patient relationship is NOT "a straightforward provider-consumer relationship? Why or why not? 
  • Etc. etc. - submit your DQ suggestions in "comments" below.

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  1. Extra exam questions:
    1. From 1946 to 1948, the U.S. paid Guatemalan government agencies to study patients deliberately exposed to _______. (p.4)
    2. With the advent of organ transplants, it became necessary to redefine ______. (p.5)
    3. What did Elliot Freidson argue in Profession of Medicine? (p.13)

    Additional DQs:
    - What are some problems with mapping and quantifying the human genome?
    - Which doctor-patient relationship do you prefer? Covenantal or contractual?
    - In what ways do medical laws fall short?

  2. 1.sexually transmitted diseases
    2.death to be "brain death"
    3.the claim to be ethical and trustworthy was a device for securing wealth and social prestige, not genuine ethical commitment

  3. Extra Quiz Questions:
    1.What major event from 1945 to 1949 after WWII contained a grisly catalog of crimes against humanity in concentration camps?
    2.Who were 2 people that revealed details in the 1960's during the drug trials for Penicillin?
    3.What is medical tourism?
    4. What United Nations agency in 1948 supported health as "complete physical,mental and social well-being"?

    Discussion topics:
    * Do you think the use of stem cells is appropriate for use in research?
    *If doctors continued to keep things from patients, how would the patient know? Is this a question of personal disgression or would it be on the line of closing the door on patients as doctor's did before?
    *How would you judge the level of severity of the war crimes present in the Nazi trials if you were the judge? Would some be punished more harshly for more severe unethical choices or all be punished equally?

  4. http://wangvisioninstitute.com/article_nashville_mednews_july_2012.html

    This is a link to Dr. Ming Wang's procedure in the use of amniotic tissue to create contact lenses that will heal without scarring. He came to speak here at MTSU, and I found his presentation incredibly intriguing. Any Thoughts? He stated that this subject is very ethically controversial.Pg 11 in the book talks about the use of stem cells as well.

  5. Extra exam question:
    1. Out of the horror of the _________ trials, came the first stages of the growth of bioethics.

  6. Alternative Quiz Questions:

    1. What prompted the birth and rapid development of modern-day bioethics? (2)
    2. From the grotesque nature of the ____________ trials emerged the first stages of the growth of bioethics. (2)
    3. The rules of what game are used as a poor comparison to summarize medical morality doctors uphold? (3)
    4. What self-righteous mentality was held among those in the medical profession regarding the horrors of committed by individual doctors in the Second World War and the profession as a whole? (3)
    5. How many revisions has the Declaration of Helsinki gone through since its publication in 194 and when was the latest version? (4)
    6. What new definition of death had became necessary with the introduction of organ transplant. (5)
    7. What major themes does the WHO approach focus on in regards to the health and wellbeing of an individual? (6)
    8. Medical tourism is the result of what in regards to medical law and legislation? (9)
    9. In Elliot Freidson’s Profession of Medicine, what did he believe being ethical and trustworthy was to a medical professional who claimed to be such? (13)