2. Bioethics just means _______.
3. The _________ required that 'The health of my patient must be my first consideration.' (Hippocratic Oath, Geneva Code, British Medical Association, International Association of Bioethics)
4. What 40-year U.S. study denied information and treatment to its subjects?
5. What did Ivan Ilich warn about in Medical Nemesis?
6. Bioethics has expanded its focus from an originally narrower interest in what relationship?
7. Bioethics has broken free of what mentality?
1. (T/F) In the Mayor's Dilemma, one of the possible actions considered is to set an example of defiance.
2. Which theory has been dominant in bioethics and often used by many health professionals?
3. In deontological theory, what is the difference between hypothetical and categorical imperatives?
4. What ethical principle (and whose), in the name of rational consistency, absolute dutifulness, and mutual respect, "requires unconditional obedience and overrides our preferences and desires" with respect to things like lying, for example?
5. What would Kant say about Tuskegee, or about the murderer "at our door"?
6. What more do we want from a moral theory than Kant gives us?
7. What is the distinctive question in virtue ethics?
8. What Greek philosopher was one of the earliest exponents of virtue ethics?
9. Paraphrase the Harm Principle. Who was its author?
10. Name one of the Four Principles in Beauchamp and Childress's theories on biomedical ethics?
1. Chapter 3 begins by asking if our bioethical perspective ("vision") is skewed by _____... (a) cultural assumptions, (b) gender bias, (c) religious faith, (d) all of the above
2. What's the leading global cause of death among women of reproductive age?
3. (T/F) The "feminist critique" says bioethics has been dominated by culturally masculine thinking.
4. What ethical perspective did Nel Noddings (supported by Carol Gilligan's research) describe as the "feminine approach"?
5. What's a furor therapeuticus?
6. Does Campbell consider the outlawing of female genital mutilation culturally insensitive?
7. What's allegedly distinctive about "Asian bioethics"?
8. What western ethical preconception is "somewhat alien" in the eastern dharmic traditions?
9. What gives Buddhists and Hindus a "whole new perspective" on bioethical issues?
10. What does Campbell identify as a "tension in the Christian perspectives" on bioethics?
7. Why have organizations like the WHO opposed any form of organ trading?
8. Besides the Kantian objection, what other major ethical issue currently affects regenerative medicine?
9. What does palliative medicine help recover?
10. What would most of us consider an unwelcome consequence of not retaining the acts/omissions distinction with respect to our response to famine (for example)?
2. What decree states that consent must be gained in all experimentation with human beings?
3. Name one of four areas of research discussed in the book.
4. Which famous contemporary philosopher coined the term speciesism?
5. Name one of four R's used in international legislation pertaining to animal rights in research?
6. Dilemmas in epidemiological research illustrate what general point?
7. What did Hwang Woo-suk do?
8. What is the term for altering the numbers in a calculation to make the hypothesis more convincing, with no justification form the research findings for such members?
9. What categories of human enhancement does Campbell enumerate, and what does he identify as its "extreme end"?
10. What is the "10/90 Gap"?