Up@dawn 2.0

Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Daily Quiz

April 8

1. With what sorts of traits does Russell Blackford say there would be no obvious cause for ethical complaint, were they pre-selected by parents?

2. Are we equally likely someday to be able to engineer our children's "life plans" and "capacities"?

3. What political philosopher's approach does Nicholas Agar apply to the ethics of genetic engineering?

4. What kind of problematic trade-off does the modular model imply might be entailed by genetic engineering?

5. Health and intelligence are forms of _____.

6. What are some "great historical enhancements of the past"?

7. Does RB think there's an absolute right of people not to use new reproductive technologies that violate their own personal religious or  moral convictions?

1. 31. 2. 33. 3. 33. 4. 34. 5. 37. 6. 44. 7. 48


FQ: Why wouldn't it be illiberal of some hypothetical future society (acc'g toRB) to compel people to genetically manipulate their children? 46-7

FQ: What do we owe children, acc'g to Glover? 44

DQ: Can Abigail plausibly claim to be risking no harm? 32

DQ: Is the stipulated definition of intelligence on p.34 a good one? Does it adequately reflect the possibility of "multiple intelligences"?*

DQ: Does anyone ever really wish they were less intelligent? 35

DQ: Is "you never know" a good way to frame our discussions of genetic engineering? Can we afford not to be more reliable "predictors of the future," if we're going to try and enhance our offspring? 35-6

DQ: Are genetic potentials always good to be born with, even when they lead to bad consequences? 38

DQ: "Nothing guarantees happiness." (39) Does that imply that we should take a more experimental approach to engineering it, or replicating its conditions? (A question to bear in mind when we read Generosity).

"Positional advantage" - ethically irrelevant? 41

"Futile race between rival parents" 42

What does "liberal tolerance" mean, when applied to hypothetical attempts to engineer a 9-ft tall superathlete? 43

FQ: T/F. Productive synergies can emerge as more individuals in a society find their individual capacities enhanced.
(True) p.44

FQ: T/F. According to the text, if resources are not available to all parents to genetically enhance their children to meet the new standard, government should provide them through systems like tax-transfer.
(True) p.48

DQ: If the enhancement of a persons intelligence, longevity, etc. became possible in the remote future, do you think that liberal democracy would survive? That is, if one country makes a law to genetically enhance(make better) their entire population while the more liberal country does not have any laws mandating the enhancement, the latter country will lose its international strength.

link: http://neuroethics.upenn.edu/index.php/penn-neuroethics-briefing/cognitive-enhancement
talks about cognitive enhancement and the three ethical issues that surround the idea


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