Up@dawn 2.0

Monday, February 23, 2015

Study Guide

Study for the exam by re-reading and reflecting on relevant texts, NOT by rote memorization. Prepare your extra-credit response in advance by printing your reply to the DQ of your choice, just a couple of paragraphs will suffice. Bring it with you on Thursday.

1. What is the difference between (normal) medical care and palliative care? (BB104)
Answer:  medical care focuses on cure and diagnosis and palliative care focuses on the comfort of terminal patients.

2.What code was drawn up after WWII and states "The health of my patient will be my first consideration."? (BB80)
Answer:  The Geneva Code of Medical Ethics

3.What were the five religions discussed by the author of Bioethics: The Basics? (BB63)
Answer:  Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism

4. What is preventive medicine? (BB138)
Answer:  a field that devises measures to prevent and control disease

5. As athletic enhancement increases, what fades? (AP25)
Answer:  admiration

6. Chapter 3 begins by asking if our bioethical perspective ("vision") is skewed by ______... (BB48)
(a) cultural assumptions, (b) gender bias, (c) religious faith, (d) all of the above
Answer: D

7.What doctrine requires that all research protocols must be submitted to a "research ethics committe before the study begins"? (BB117)
Answer: Helsinki Declaration

8. What is a biobank? (BB133)
Answer:  a collection of biological samples or genetic information

9. What are the three types of valid consent? (BB83)
Answer:  Competent, Informed and Voluntary

10. The idea that the doctor always knows best is called what? (BB82)
Answer Paternalism
The _________ required that 'The health of my patient must be my first consideration.' (Hippocratic Oath, Geneva Code, British Medical Association, International Association of Bioethics)
Answer: Hippocratic Oath (BB 2)

2. What are the three types of valid consent for human participation in research?
Answer: Competent, Informed and Voluntary (BB 83)

3. Sandel's deepest moral objection to enhancement is its alleged disfigurement of what relation?
Answer: parent-child relationship (pg. 46)

Rory CapstickFebruary 23, 2015 at 12:06 PM
4. As athletic enhancement increases, what fades?
5. How do Ritalin, Adderall etc differ from recreational drugs of the past?
  1. 3. What do genetically altered athletes corrupt? 29

    4. Sandel thinks Lasik surgery to correct normal vision would be an acceptable enhancement for a golfer under what condition? 31

    5. Does Sandel allege an ethical problem with mega-calorie diets? 35
  2. 3. Designing parents are more likely to do what, or to neglect what parental duty? 49-50

    4. Does Sandel consider genetic engineering similar in spirit to expensive private schools & tutors, piano lessons, SAT prep, etc.? 52

    5. "Parents of college students are out of control." 54 How so?

    6. How do Ritalin, Adderall etc differ from recreational drugs of the past? 60-61
1. "We do not view what we did as very different from what many straight couples do..." What did they do? CP 2

2. How much did Genetic Savings & Clone plan to charge for cloned canines? 5

3. According to what objection is genetic engineering objectionable because "designer children" are not fully free? OR, Why does Sandel not find this objection persuasive? 7

  1. 3. Another name for the micro-allocation of health care, concerned with prioritizing access to given treatments, is what? (HINT: This was hotly debated and widely misrepresented ("death panels" etc.) in the early months of the Obama administration.) 145
  2. 4. What "perverse incentive" to health care practitioners and institutions do reimbursement systems foster, as illustrated by excessive use of MRIs? 146
6. Who propounded a theory of justice that invokes a "veil of ignorance"? 157
1. Name one of the basic requirements agreed upon by all codes devised to protect individuals from malicious research. 116

2. What decree states that consent must be gained in all experimentation with human beings? 119

4. Which famous contemporary philosopher coined the term speciesism? 122

6. What is the term for altering the numbers in a calculation to make the hypothesis more convincing, with no justification form the research findings for such members? 127

2. What (according to most recognized oaths and conventions) must always be the deciding factor guiding professional decisions? 81

4. Is a diagnosis of mental illness grounds for establishing a patient's lack of capacity to render competent consent to treatment? 84

5. What general principle allows breach of confidentiality? 88

2. What's the leading global cause of death among women of reproductive age? (49)

4. What ethical perspective did Nel Noddings (supported by Carol Gilligan's research) describe as the "feminine approach"? (55)

5. What's a furor therapeuticus? (56)

6. Does Campbell consider the outlawing of female genital mutilation culturally insensitive? (58)


2. Which theory has been dominant in bioethics and often used by many health professionals?

3. In deontological theory, what is the difference between hypothetical and categorical imperatives?

6. What more do we want from a moral theory than Kant gives us?

3. The _________ required that 'The health of my patient must be my first consideration.' (Hippocratic Oath, Geneva Code, British Medical Association, International Association of Bioethics) (BB 2)

5. What did Ivan Ilich warn about in Medical Nemesis? (BB 5)

6Bioethics has expanded its focus from an originally narrower interest in what relationship? (BB 8)

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